bhel-4 and bhlē-, bhlō-, bhlǝ-

bhel-4 and bhlē-, bhlō-, bhlǝ-
    bhel-4 and bhlē-, bhlō-, bhlǝ-
    English meaning: leaf; bloom
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “Blatt, Blũte, blũhen; ũppig sprießen”
    Note: probably from bhel- “to swell” in sense of “vegetable lushness “ and ‘swelling = bud”
    Material: Gk. φύλλον “leaf” (*bhul̥i̯om), Lat. folium ds.; M.Ir. bileóc “leaf” (from *bile < *bheli̯o- ); moreover probably O.Ir. bile n. “tree”; Maybe Alb. (*φύλλον) pyll “forest” [common Alb. shift u > y] bhlē-, mostly bhlō- in: Lat. flōs, -ris m. “ a flower, blossom. Transf., the prime, flower of anything, the best, the pride; on the face, first beard, down “; flōreō, -ēre “ to bloom, flower. Transf., to be in one’s prime, to prosper, flourish, be in repute; with abl. to abound in, swarm with “; Osc. Fluusaí “ the goddess of flowers, whose festival was celebrated on the 28th of April, often with unbridled license “, Fluusasiaís “ of the festivals of Flora “, sabin. Flusare “ of or belonging to the festival of Flora, of the Floralia “. M.Ir. blüth m. “bloom, blossom, flower”, Welsh blawd, O.Corn. blodon “bloom, blossom” (*bhlō-t-), M.Bret. (with -men-suffix) bleuzven, Bret. bleun̄(v)enn ds., with s-derivative M.H.G. bluost “bloom, blossom”, Ger. Blust, O.E. blōstma, blōsma, blōstm “flower, blossom”, O.N. blōmstr ds., Dutch blōsen “bloom” (= M.L.G. blōsen “blush”, see below bhles- ‘shine”); Goth. blōma m., O.H.G. bluomo m. “flower, blossom”, O.Ice. blomi m. ds., blōm collective “flower, blossom”; O.H.G. bluojen, bluowen, O.S. blōjan, O.E. blōwan “bloom”; O.H.G. bluot f. “ blossoming, bloom, blossom” = O.E. blēd f. ‘scion, shoot, twig, branch, flower, blossom, fruit”; but Goth. blōÞ n., O.Ice. blōð, O.S. O.E. blōd, O.H.G. bluot “blood” probably to *bhelē- “effervesce”. With ē: O.E. blǣ d m. “breath, breeze”, n. “bubble”, f. “bloom, blossom”, O.H.G. blüt “bloom, blossom” (compare also O.E. blǣ d, O.H.G. blüt “life, breath, breeze” and bhel- “inflate, bloat”); with ǝ: O.H.G. blat, O.S. blad, O.E. blæd, O.Ice. blað n. “leaf”; Toch. A. pält ds.
    References: WP. II 176 f., WH. I 518 f., Schwyzer Gk. I 351.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • bhel- — I. bhel 1 To shine, flash, burn; shining white and various bright colors. Derivatives include blue, bleach, blind, blond, blanket, black, flagrant, and flame. I. Suffixed full grade form …   Universalium

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